Why Multiple Pregnancy Needs To Be Avoided In IVF?

Why Multiple Pregnancy Needs To Be Avoided In IVF?

In IVF (in vitro fertilization) fertilization of the egg is achieved outside the female body, in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (embryo) is transferred to the uterus to accomplish pregnancy. IVF is one of the most successful forms of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that has enabled several childless individuals to achieve their parental dreams.

However, the phenomenon of multiple pregnancy is quite common in IVF treatment. In comparison to normal pregnancy, the likelihood of multiple births is substantially higher in the cases of IVF. The practice of implanting several embryos in a female’s body is the main reason behind this.

More than one embryo is implanted in the hopes of increasing the likelihood of a successful pregnancy. Multiple pregnancies can occur when more than one embryo survives. That is, instead of one baby, two or even three babies are conceived! As exciting as it may sound, there are several drawbacks in such a scenario and hence, it is important to avoid multiple pregnancies in IVF. Why? Let us find out more.

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What Are Multiple Pregnancies In IVF?

As mentioned earlier, to successfully achieve pregnancy, more than one embryo is transferred to the uterus. Sometimes only one embryo implants, sometimes all and sometimes none. Thus, it is better to be safe than sorry and hence often, multiple pregnancies are a consequence of a successful IVF treatment.

Why Is Avoiding Multiple Pregnancies In IVF Important?

Being pregnant with twins or triplets puts the mother’s life in jeopardy. It’s highly advised to avoid multiple pregnancies to avoid the following complications :

The chances of miscarriage are significantly increased with multiple pregnancies and even the Babies’ lives are at risk. The occurrence of chromosomal abnormalities in newborns is also more with multiple pregnancies. It has been observed that premature birth defects are more prominent in the case of multiple pregnancies.

The mother may develop additional medical complications such as gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, preeclampsia and eclampsia, breathing difficulties, backache, and so on, as well as an increased chance of severe bleeding during childbirth. Additional concerns, such as having to raise multiple children if parents are not emotionally or financially prepared might put a burden on the shoulder of the new parents.

Multiple pregnancies are considered desirable by most couples who use assisted reproduction techniques. However, twin and triplet pregnancies are accompanied by several difficulties that make it difficult for the pregnancy to terminate with the birth of a healthy infant. Let us not forget that the sole goal of assisted reproductive technologies is the birth of a healthy baby.

It is critical to educate patients about these risks before beginning therapy. In the end, the key to minimizing the risk of multiple pregnancies is prevention. For a considerable number of IVF patients, the transfer of a single embryo should be the primary option. However, as is customary in patient-centered healthcare, the couples’ viewpoint, as well as the basic emotional and personal implications, should be considered. Patients, embryologists, and doctors can therefore analyze the best decision at the time of embryo transfer together and calmly.

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