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5 Common Microbial Infections Leading To Infertility In Men

5 Common Microbial Infections Leading To Infertility In Men

Did you know we are laden with microbes all the time? No matter how much we shower or stay clean, we are always surrounded by microbes. They are on and in us. Most of these microbes are harmless and pose no threat. But some microbes can cause infection when immunity is compromised. Thus, microbial infections can strike anytime.

Many believe infertility is associated with hereditary but little did we know, there is a great connection between microbial infections and infertility in males. Not just males but females as well. This article throws light on the 5 common microbial infections leading to infertility in men.

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The 5 common microbial infections in men that cause infertility

Chlamydia

It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STD) that can affect both men and women. In men, Chlamydia is can cause infertility. This infection is characterized by pain or a burning sensation while urinating, as well as enlarged testicles and, in rare circumstances, a light-colored discharge. If Chlamydia is not treated promptly, it can cause scarring and obstruction. Antibiotics are the most effective treatment for Chlamydia.

Epididymitis

Epididymitis is an inflammation of the coiled tube Epididymis, a highly coiled tube that stores and transports sperm. It is present at the back of the testicle.

The most common cause of epididymitis is a bacterial infection, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, which are sexually transmitted infections (STIs). A testicle can also become inflamed, a condition known as epididymal orchitis. As epididymis stores and transports the sperms, any damage to it directly affects the production of sperm and thus impairs fertility.

Mumps

Mumps is an airborne virus that targets the salivary glands located near the jawline. It affects both genders, but in Men Mumps severely affects the testicles. As a result, the testicles are swollen which might cause sperm production problems. Hence, leading to infertility in men.

Tuberculosis

Although Tuberculosis primarily affects the respiratory tract and the lungs, in men, it also affects the reproductive tract leading to infertility. Any part of the reproductive tract, including the testis, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and ejaculatory ducts, can be infected. Infertility is mainly caused by the infection’s inflammation and scarring, which causes a deformation of the normal anatomy and causes blockage. Antibiotic treatment may help.

Mycoplasma

Mycoplasma is a bacteria that adheres itself to the cells of the host (the one it attacks). There are several types of Mycoplasma that affect different parts of the body. The type of mycoplasma bacteria that is causing your infection determines which bodily organ is affected—your lungs, skin, or urinary tract.

The one that infects the urinary tract in men is called Mycoplasma genitalium. Infection caused by this bacteria causes urethritis, swelling of the urethra, the tube through which urine exits the body. One may experience a burning sensation and discharge from the penis as well.

Thus, it is important to practice safe sex with the help of condoms and to maintain a healthy lifestyle by regularly cleaning one’s genitals to keep bacteria and other microbes at bay.

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